Thursday, May 2, 2013

APH Article on Cortical Visual Impairment

I may have provided this link before but the subject has come up again with some of the teachers of my students trying to get this information across to parents or some of my parents trying to get the concept over to some of the teachers. ~K

What is CVI?

Why your child/students may have impaired vision:

Ocular disorders: pathology of the eye(s)
Neurological visual disorders: disturbed or reduced vision due to various brain abnormalities.
The two types of visual disorders (ocular & neurological) can coexist.
Cortical visual impairment (CVI) is a neurological visual disorder. It is the fastest growing visual impairment diagnosis today.
Definition for Medical Purposes:
Cortical visual impairment (CVI) may be defined as bilaterally diminished visual acuity caused by damage to the occipital lobes and or to the geniculostriate visual pathway. CVI is almost invariably associated with an inefficient, disturbed visual sense because of the widespread brain disturbance. See brain diagrams.
Definition for Educational Purposes:
Cortical visual impairment (CVI) is a neurological disorder, which results in unique visual responses to people, educational materials, and to the environment. When students with these visual/behavioral characteristics are shown to have loss of acuity or judged by their performance to be visually impaired, they are considered to have CVI.
Note: A student whose visual functioning is reduced by a brain injury or dysfunction may be considered blind for educational purposes if visual function is equal to or less than the legal definition of ocular blindness.

The rest of this article can be found at this link:

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